Gallicas Roses are usually short, with rather floppy branches and rich red flowers. Their superb scent and intense colour made them one of the most popular flowers in medieval gardens.
Gallicas are medium to low bushes with many small bristly thorns. Multi-petalled flowers are usually in clusters of two or three and are nearly always fragrant. Gallicas flower on laterals from two-year-old wood. Part of the Gallica charm is in the hips, so restrain yourself from deadheading. Most Gallicas are once-flowering anyway. In mid-summer cut back vegetative growth to flower height, forcing the sap into the flowering stems. Prune growth that has been bowed down with flowers.
In autumn prune to a dome shape; thin down the laterals to two or three buds. Selectively remove old wood that is no longer productive from the centre of the bush. On an older plant, plan to remove a quarter of the oldest shoots at the base. Remove dead, diseased and damaged wood.