Damask Roses were probably grown in the Greek colonies in Asia Minor for their beauty and for their essential oil which was used to make Attar of Roses. They are thought to be hybrids between Rosa gallica and the wild Musk rose of southern Turkey, -Rosa Phoenicia.
Damask roses grow to a lax metre and a half, with long pointy grey-green leaves and plenty of thorns. Most damasks have pink, fragrant flowers and some set long thin hips. Damask roses are native to hot arid regions. In a temperate climate they tend to be very vigorous, requiring firm pruning to keep them in the shape you want. Many are repeat-flowering and will require constant deadheading to two or three buds below the spent flower. Winter prune to halve the growth made during the last season i.e. just above last season's pruning height. For once-flowering damasks, prune after the flowering period by removing selected old wood but still keeping in mind the shape you want to achieve.